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JCU 1995 ;3(1) :44-48.
Clinical and Echocardiographic Features of Mid-ventricualr Obstruction of the Left Ventricle
Sung Hee Kim, Jong Chun Park,, Jeong Pyeong Seo, In Jong Cho, Moon Hee Rhe, Gwang Chae Gill, Joo Hyung Park, Myung Ho Jeong, jeong Gwan Cho, Jung Chaee Kang
Division of Cardiology, Chonnam University Hospital, Kwngju, Korea
ABSTRACT
Background : Mid-ventricular obstruction(MVO) of the left ventricle has been reported to be associated with mid-ventricular hypertrophy, papillary muscle hypertrophy, severe apical hypertrophy, elderly hypertension, and dobutamine stress echocardiography(DSE). The aim of this study is to determine the clinical and echocardiographic features of MVO. Method : MVO was defined as systolic hourglass narrowing of the left mid-ventricle in the apical long axis view with turbulent flow exceeding 1m/s. Fifteen patients were suvjected to this retrospective analysis. Baseline patients characteristics were mean age 56(range, 26-74)years, male gender 10(66%). Associated diseases were hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 9, aortic stenosis 1, hypertension without left ventricular hypertrophy(LVH) 1, old myocardial infarction with apical aneurysm 2, stable angina 1, and idiopathic 1. DSE was performed in 7 of 15 subjected patients to evaluate the chest pain. Results : All patients had mild symptoms ; chest tightness, palpitation, and weakness, without syncope nor hypotension. MVO was observed in 10 at rest, and 5 after provocation ; DSE 3, VPB 1, atropine 1. Observed peak velocity in the mid-ventricle ranged from 1.2 to 5.5m/s(mean ; 2.8±1.6m/s). Left ventricular outflow tract obstruction defined as the peak flow velocity exceeded 1.5m/s, was also present in 8. in 7 underwent to DSE, systolic blood pressure was changed from 144±15mmHg at rest to 175±28mmHg at peak, heart rate from 73±12/min to 108±23/min, left ventricular end diastolic dimension from 42±5mm to 37±4mm, ejection fraction from 66±10% to 80±6%, and peak flow velocity at the mid-ventricle from 1.0±0.6m/s to 3.3±1.7m/s. Conclusion : MVO can be observed in patients without LVH and may account for clinical symptoms of chest discomfort. The mechanism of MVO, at least in part, and be explained with increased ventricular contractility, increased heart rate, and small left ventricular cavity size.
Keywords: Mid-ventricular obstruction, Dobutamine stress echocardiography
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